Error processing SSI file
Choose a different sector

Rural Roads


image of the cover of the Environmental Guidelines for Small-Scale Activities in Africa Chapter 14: Rural Roads

image of pdf icon (2.4 MB)
image of word icon (6.2 MB)

Additional resources can be found on the ENCAP Tools and References page.

Comments, corrections and feedback welcome


Other Internet and Print Resources

NOTE: Listing of a resource does not constitute USAID endorsement or certification

Resources and References

Click to jump to the desired section. NOTE. Almost all references here are taken from:

Keller, G., and James Sherar. Forthcoming. Low-Volume Roads Engineering: Best Management Practices and Field Guide. Washington, DC: USAID, USDA, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. This report is expected to be published in 2003. Draft digital copy available at [DRAFT]

The guide also has an extended bibliography for readers in need of more depth or detail regarding specific issues and applications. In addition to the topics listed below, the extended bibliography offers references for hydrology for drainage crossing design; tools for hydraulic and road design including Manning's Formula, riprap, filters, and the use of geosynthetics; general considerations for drainage of low-volume roads; fords and low-water crossings; physical, vegetative and biotechnical methods of erosion control; and stabilization of gullies. The extended bibliography can be found at

This web site was made possible through support provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Africa Office of Sustainable Development, under the terms of Contract No. EPP-I-00-03-00013-00, Task Order No.7. The information provided on this web site is not official U.S. Government information and may not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government. To read ENCAP's Privacy Policy, click here.